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The Principles of Monotheism, Sufism, and Gnosis in Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1


Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1: A Review of the Classic Book of Sufism by Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari




If you are interested in learning more about Islam and Sufism, you might want to check out Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1, a classic book written by a renowned scholar and Sufi master from Banjar, Indonesia. In this article, we will give you an overview of what this book is about, who is the author behind it, why is it important, and how can you download and read it online or offline.




Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1



The Background and Biography of Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari




Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari was born in Banjar (now South Kalimantan) in 1737 CE. He was a descendant of Sultan Suriansyah, the first Muslim ruler of Banjar. He studied Islamic sciences under various teachers in his homeland, before traveling to Mecca in 1765 CE to perform Hajj (pilgrimage) and pursue higher education. He stayed in Mecca for about 20 years, where he learned from many eminent scholars and Sufi masters, such as Syeikh Ahmad al-Qusyasyi and Syeikh Abdurrahman as-Saqqaf.


Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari was also a prolific writer who authored several books on various topics, such as theology, jurisprudence, history, grammar, poetry, etc. His most famous work is Kitab Ad Durun Nafis (The Precious Pearl), which he wrote in Malay language in 1785 CE. This book is considered one of the best books on Islamic doctrine and Sufism ever written by an Indonesian scholar. It has been widely read and studied by Muslims in Southeast Asia and beyond.


Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari passed away in Mecca in 1795 CE. He was buried in Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery near the Ka'bah (the sacred house of Allah). His tomb is still visited by many pilgrims until today.


The Structure and Content of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis




The Preface and the Introduction




In the preface of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis, Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari explains that he wrote this book to fulfill his promise to his students who asked him to teach them about Tawhid (monotheism), Tasawwuf (Sufism), and Ma'rifah (gnosis). He also states that he wrote this book in Malay language so that it can be easily understood by his fellow countrymen who are not well-versed in Arabic language.


In the introduction of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis, Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari outlines his methodology and sources for writing this book. He says that he based his book on three main sources: (1) The Qur'an (the holy scripture of Islam), (2) The Sunnah (the teachings and practices of Prophet Muhammad), and (3) The consensus (the agreement) of Muslim scholars. He also says that he followed the approach of Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (a famous theologian and Sufi master) in explaining Tawhid, Tasawwuf, and Ma'rifah.


The First Chapter: The Principles of Tawhid (Monotheism)




In the first chapter of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis, Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari discusses the essential doctrines of Islam regarding the oneness and uniqueness of Allah. He explains that Allah is the only true God who deserves to be worshiped alone without any partners or associates. He also explains that Allah has no equals or rivals in His attributes or actions. He also explains that Allah has no parents or children or relatives or friends or enemies.


Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari also warns against various forms of shirk (associating partners with Allah), such as worshipping idols or saints or angels or prophets or jinns or stars or graves or trees or animals or anything besides Allah. He also warns against various forms of bid'ah (innovations in religion), such as celebrating festivals or rituals or customs that are not sanctioned by Islam. He also warns against various forms of kufr (disbelief), such as denying or rejecting or mocking or insulting Allah or His messengers or His books or His angels or His decree.


The Second Chapter: The Principles of Tasawwuf (Sufism)




In the second chapter of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis, Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari discusses the spiritual path and practices of Sufism. He explains that Sufism is a way to purify one's soul from worldly desires and attachments and to attain closeness to Allah through love and obedience. He also explains that Sufism is based on three pillars: (1) Shariah (the law), which is following the commands and prohibitions of Allah as revealed in the Qur'an and Sunnah; (2) Tariqah (the way), which is following the guidance and example of Prophet Muhammad and his righteous successors; and (3) Haqiqah (the reality), which is realizing the truth and essence of Allah and His creation.


Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari also describes various stages and states of Sufism, such as repentance, sincerity, trust, patience, gratitude, contentment, love, fear, hope, etc. He also describes various practices and disciplines of Sufism, such as prayer, fasting, charity, remembrance, meditation, contemplation, etc. The Third Chapter: The Principles of Ma'rifah (Gnosis)




In the third chapter of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis, Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari discusses the knowledge and recognition of Allah's names, attributes, actions, and essence. He explains that Allah has 99 beautiful names that describe His perfect qualities and attributes, such as Ar-Rahman (The Most Merciful), Al-Hakim (The Most Wise), Al-Qadir (The All-Powerful), etc. He also explains that Allah has 13 essential attributes that are eternal and inseparable from His essence, such as life, knowledge, power, will, hearing, seeing, speech, etc. He also explains that Allah has various actions that are related to His creation and command, such as creating, sustaining, rewarding, punishing, guiding, etc. He also explains that Allah has a unique and incomparable essence that is beyond human comprehension and imagination.


Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari also clarifies some misconceptions and errors regarding Allah's names, attributes, actions, and essence. He refutes the claims of those who deny or distort or anthropomorphize Allah's names and attributes, such as the Mu'tazilah (the rationalists), the Jahmiyyah (the negators), the Mushabbihah (the assimilators), etc. He also refutes the claims of those who attribute partners or intermediaries or rivals to Allah's actions and essence, such as the polytheists, the dualists, the pantheists, etc. He also refutes the claims of those who claim to have attained union or identity with Allah's essence, such as the extremists among the Sufis and the philosophers.


The Significance and Influence of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis




Kitab Ad Durun Nafis is a masterpiece of Islamic literature that synthesizes the teachings of Tawhid, Tasawwuf, and Ma'rifah in a clear and comprehensive manner. It is a valuable source of guidance and inspiration for Muslims who seek to know and love Allah and to follow His path. It is also a remarkable contribution to the development and dissemination of Islamic thought and Sufism in Southeast Asia and beyond.


Kitab Ad Durun Nafis has been widely read and studied by Muslims in various regions and languages. It has been translated into several languages, such as Arabic, English, Indonesian, Malayalam, Urdu, etc. It has also been commented upon and explained by many scholars and Sufi masters, such as Syeikh Abdul Karim al-Jili (died 1428 CE), Syeikh Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi (died 1810 CE), Syeikh Muhammad Arsyad al-Banjari (died 1812 CE), Syeikh Muhammad Zaini Dahlan (died 1886 CE), Syeikh Ahmad Khatib Sambas (died 1916 CE), etc.


Kitab Ad Durun Nafis has also influenced many Sufi orders and movements that emerged in Southeast Asia and beyond. Some of these orders and movements are: Qadiriyya wa Naqshbandiyya (a hybrid order that combines Qadiriyya and Naqshbandiyya teachings), Tijaniyya (an order that was founded by Ahmad al-Tijani in Morocco in the 18th century), Ahmadiyya (a movement that was founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in India in the 19th century), Wahidiyya (a movement that was founded by Syeikh Wahid Hasyim in Indonesia in the 20th century), etc.


How to Download and Read Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1




If you are interested in reading Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1, you can easily access it online or offline. Here are some tips and recommendations on how to download and read it:


  • You can download Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1 from various websites that offer free Islamic books in PDF format. For example, you can visit this website to download the Indonesian translation of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis. You can also visit this website to download the original Malay version of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis.



  • You can read Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1 on your computer or smartphone using any PDF reader application. You can also print it out if you prefer to read it on paper.



  • You can also read Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1 online using any web browser. For example, you can visit this website to read an English summary of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis. You can also visit this website to read an English guide on how to read Kitab Ad Durun Nafis.



  • You can also listen to Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1 as an audio book using any audio player application. You can find some audio recordings of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis on YouTube or other platforms.



  • You can also watch Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1 as a video lecture using any video player application. You can find some video lectures on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis on YouTube or other platforms.



  • You can also join a study group or a class on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1. You can find some online or offline study groups or classes on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis on Facebook or other platforms.



  • You can also consult a scholar or a Sufi master on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1. You can find some scholars or Sufi masters who are experts on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis on Google or other platforms.



Conclusion




a prominent scholar and Sufi master from Banjar, Indonesia. He was a descendant of Sultan Suriansyah, the first Muslim ruler of Banjar. He studied Islamic sciences under various teachers in his homeland, before traveling to Mecca in 1765 CE to perform Hajj (pilgrimage) and pursue higher education. He stayed in Mecca for about 20 years, where he learned from many eminent scholars and Sufi masters, such as Syeikh Ahmad al-Qusyasyi and Syeikh Abdurrahman as-Saqqaf. He passed away in Mecca in 1795 CE and was buried in Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery near the Ka'bah (the sacred house of Allah). His tomb is still visited by many pilgrims until today.


We hope that this article has given you some insights and benefits on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1. We encourage you to download and read this book for yourself and to share it with others who might be interested. We also invite you to explore other books and works by Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari and other Sufi scholars and masters. May Allah bless you and guide you to His love and knowledge.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1:


  • What is the main theme of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis?



The main theme of Kitab Ad Durun Nafis is the principles of Tawhid (monotheism), Tasawwuf (Sufism), and Ma'rifah (gnosis), which are the foundations of Islamic doctrine and spirituality.


  • Who is Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari?



Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari was a prominent scholar and Sufi master from Banjar, Indonesia. He was a descendant of Sultan Suriansyah, the first Muslim ruler of Banjar. He wrote Kitab Ad Durun Nafis in Malay language in 1785 CE in Mecca, where he stayed for about 20 years.


  • Why is Kitab Ad Durun Nafis important?



Kitab Ad Durun Nafis is important because it is one of the best books on Islamic doctrine and Sufism ever written by an Indonesian scholar. It has been widely read and studied by Muslims in Southeast Asia and beyond. It has also influenced many Sufi orders and movements that emerged in Southeast Asia and beyond.


  • How can I download and read Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1?



You can download and read Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1 from various websites that offer free Islamic books in PDF format. You can also read it online using any web browser. You can also listen to it as an audio book or watch it as a video lecture using any audio or video player application. You can also join a study group or a class on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1. You can also consult a scholar or a Sufi master on Kitab Ad Durun Nafis Pdf 225 1.


  • What are some other books and works by Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari?



Some other books and works by Syeikh Muhammad Nafis Idris al-Banjari are: Kanz as-Sa'adah fi Bayan Istilihat as-Sufiyyah (The Treasure of Happiness in Explaining the Terms of Sufism), Al-Mahfuzhat (The Preserved Sayings), Al-Majmu'at al-Kubra (The Great Collection), etc.



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